Structure of a Residential 15-Amp Duplex Receptacle
It is not necessary for a receptacle to have something plugged into it for it to cause a fire.
The reason that there are two screw terminals on each bus is so that power can be supply to another
receptacle or device. Hence, electrical current may be passing through the receptacle even though
it has nothing plugged into it.
Stab-in / Push-in connections were common in the 1970's and 1980's. In 1996, UL Standard 498 was revised to only permit stab-in (push-in)
with solid copper conductors that were size AWG #14. The manufactures reduced the size of the holes so that AWG #12 wire would not fit.
AWG #12 wire is thicker and more stiff than AWG #14 wire. When the receptacle was pushed into the outlet box, too much pressure
was being inserted on the spring metal gripper, and this was causing loose connections.
On duplex receptacles, there is a break tap between the screws terminals on both the "hot" and neutral buses.
This allows the duplex receptacle to be spilt into two receptacles. A common use for this is to control one
of the receptacles from a wall switch that turns on a table lamp.